The expanding human population along with industrialisation is increasing the energy demands all over the world, and this has resulted in numerous challenges such as environmental pollution, depletion of fossil fuels, and shortage of electricity supply, which has to be faced and overcome. To fulfil the energy demands and overcome these challenges, numerous projects and funds are involved in finding an adequate solution. Transport accounts for around one-fifth of global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and road travel accounts for three-quarters of transport emissions. Most of this comes from passenger vehicles. Emission limits are more and more stringent and the fuel industry has to change approach to products’ formulation to meet the
This training course covers different types of biofuels and alternative fuels, the science behind them, technologies, production, blending and advantages and disadvantages of each. It also covers the economics of production, environmental impacts, impact on the engine operation and policy issues.