RUHANAS HARUN is Professor at the Department of Strategic Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia (NDUM) and Distinguished Fellow at the Malaysian Armed Forces Staff College, Ministry of Defence Malaysia. She teaches , researches and publishes on the theme foreign policy and national security. She studied international relations and politics at the University of Malaya, Sorbonne University , Paris and at the Institute of Political Studies, Paris. She has taught extensively in Malaysia and abroad, including in Vietnam, Egypt and Indonesia. Current research interests include regional security issues, Malaysia-Indonesia relations and religious extremism. She has contributed widely to academic and popular writings, including newspapers.